Generation Z, often known as Gen Z, represents a groundbreaking demographic born between 1996 and 2010. Raised in the era of digital technology, hyper-connectivity, and social media, Gen Z is characterized by their activist spirit, tech-savviness, blunt approach to life, progressive thinking, and an unrelenting drive to challenge conventions. This generation grew up using mobile devices and connecting platforms like Facebook, Google, YouTube, and other digital tools to uniquely navigate their lives.
However, beneath this tech-savvy façade, an issue deeply entwined with Generation Z is their mental health. These young individuals grapple with the pressures of navigating a rapidly changing academic landscape, demanding workplaces, global turmoil, economic uncertainties, and, most recently, the disruptive force of the COVID-19 pandemic. It’s no surprise that mental health concerns have surged across the world, with anxiety, depression, and stress taking a toll, particularly among Gen Z.
A report by McKinsey in the United States, reveals that Gen Zers exhibit the least positive outlook and the highest prevalence of mental illnesses compared to any other generation. Meanwhile, their European counterparts battle with self-stigmatization. This growing awareness of global societal issues underscores the significance of mental health concerns among Gen Z, transcending mere hoaxes.
Nonetheless, the recent surge in social media trends aimed at increasing followers and engagement has raised questions about the authenticity of mental health concerns within this generation. Many Gen Zers are willing to go to great lengths to achieve their social media goals or evade specific responsibilities through deceptive mental health portrayals, creating a perplexing overlap between authentic mental health issues and attention-seeking behaviors.
As a result, the following sections will dive into Gen Z’s mental health concerns, explore the challenges of distinguishing between real issues and social media-driven trends, and offer guidance for navigating this complex landscape.
A Closer Look Into Gen Z’s Mental Health Concerns
As the first generation deeply intertwined with the internet and social media, Gen Z has been at the forefront of breaking down the stigma surrounding mental health. In the past, individuals grappling with mental health concerns often suffered in silence. However, Gen Z has transformed this narrative, boldly addressing their mental health challenges online and in the physical world, displaying vulnerability and transparency for all to see.
Over the last decade, five key mental health concerns have dominated the social media landscape and offline spaces among Gen Z:
1. Anxiety: Many Gen Zers report exceptionally high levels of anxiety stemming from the relentless pressure to excel academically and stay ahead in a fiercely competitive global education landscape. They also grapple with unreasonably high societal expectations to achieve certain milestones by specific stages in life. The constant exposure to global crises, wars, societal unrest, and various abnormalities in today’s world only exacerbates their anxiety.
2. Depression: Depression is another formidable mental health issue afflicting this generation. The constant exposure to bullying, both in physical and online spaces, body image insecurities, and the perpetual comparison on social media create feelings of inadequacy and insecurity. The desire to conform to ideal body standards and portray picture-perfect lives on social media takes a toll on their well-being.
3. Loneliness: Despite having thousands of social media followers or friends, many Gen Zers grapple with profound loneliness. In a world where digital connections often replace real-world interactions, they come to realize the superficiality of online friendships. The fear of missing out on popular events and trends further amplifies their anxiety, ultimately leading to a sense of isolation.
4. Online Addiction: While social media and internet connectivity offer a world of possibilities, they can also become burdensome for many Gen Zers. Excessive screen time and smartphone use make it challenging to disconnect, rest, and find personal time. This not only affects their mental health but also takes a toll on their physical well-being, resulting in stress and impacting their mental stability.
5. Self-Harm and Suicidal Thoughts: The most concerning issue on this list is the battle with self-harm and suicidal thoughts. The challenges mentioned above, coupled with the easy access to self-harm content, can lead many Gen Zers to nurture these thoughts, and, in some distressing cases, even contemplate or attempt self-harm.
Instances of Mental Health Hoax By Gen Zers
While acknowledging the prevalence of mental health challenges among Generation Z, it’s equally crucial to address the instances where individuals have perpetuated mental health hoaxes. Driven by the pursuit of online validation, these actions can have a significant impact on both society and the mental well-being of those genuinely affected. Here are some examples:
In 2021, a group of students at Victoria University of Wellington in New Zealand faced backlash on social media for encouraging their peers to falsely claim mental health issues in order to obtain assignment deadline extensions. This sparked a debate about whether mental health was being trivialized and exploited as a “life hack” for university success. The social media discussion included comments from students who attributed their assignment difficulties to mental health concerns.
Azaria Howell, a second-year student at the university and a former Youth MP, expressed her disapproval on Twitter. She described this situation as “a slap in the face,” especially for students genuinely grappling with mental health issues.
In a similar incident in 2014, Australian wellness blogger Belle Gibson garnered global attention by sharing a remarkable story of overcoming brain cancer through a regimen of healthy eating and alternative medicine. Her journey even led to the success of her iOS app, The Whole Pantry, which accumulated 300,000 downloads. Plans were also in motion to publish a Pantry Cookbook by Penguin.
Nonetheless, the narrative took a distressing turn when Gibson revealed on her Instagram page that her brain cancer had tragically returned and spread to her blood, spleen, liver, and uterus. The shocking twist, however, came the following year, in April 2015, when Australia Women’s Weekly published an interview with Gibson in which she shockingly admitted that she did not have cancer. “No… None of it’s true,” Gibson confessed. “I don’t seek forgiveness. I just believe that [speaking out] was the responsible thing to do.”
Beyond this deception, her promise to donate a substantial portion of her app’s proceeds to charity was also exposed as a falsehood. As a consequence, the Australian government imposed a $410,000 fine on her in September 2017 for falsely claiming she would be donating money to charity.
Though this case doesn’t directly relate to mental health, it serves as a stark reminder of how the quest for online attention can have negative consequences on public discussions. It highlights the challenge of distinguishing between genuine and fabricated stories in our digital age, mirroring the concerns about fake mental health claims raised by Generation Z.
In addition to the two prominent cases mentioned earlier, there is a concerning trend among many Gen Z individuals, especially on platforms like TikTok. This trend involves intentionally recording family conversations and orchestrating situations designed to provoke their parents’ reactions. Subsequently, they discreetly capture these interactions and share them online, often framing themselves as victims in these scenarios.
This behavior raises a complex issue, one that should not diminish the emotions and experiences of these young individuals but, rather, foster a nuanced perspective. In some cases, teenagers knowingly engage in activities that may defy their parents’ rules, such as attending late-night gatherings or choosing unconventional clothing, fully aware of the reactions they might elicit.
The trend of sharing personal struggles online, often resulting in these stories going viral and portraying the individuals as victims, has led to concerns about the authenticity of these accounts. As some of these videos are called out for seeking attention and unfairly portraying parents for online fame, the line between what’s real and what’s fabricated becomes increasingly blurred.
Furthermore, the frequent use of mental health as a way to cope with life’s challenges, often resulting in irresponsible work habits, a lack of commitment, and a tendency to evade responsibilities, can complicate interactions with Gen Z individuals amidst the prevailing emphasis on mental health. These challenges may undermine the credibility of those genuinely facing mental health issues, who might find it difficult to be recognized when dealing with authentic distress. Therefore, it becomes imperative to address and clarify the distinction between authentic mental health concerns and passing trends in today’s society.
Differentiating Genuine Mental Health Issues from Mere Trends and What to Do About It
In a world where mental health discussions are both vital and omnipresent, the challenge lies in distinguishing between authentic accounts and deceptive narratives. Gen Z’s emphasis on mental well-being has created a platform for open conversations, but it has also paved the way for individuals who might misuse these discussions. Here’s how we can effectively identify the authenticity of mental health narratives in this context:
1. Consistency and Clarity: One of the key differentiators is consistency and clarity. Authentic mental health narratives tend to have a consistent storyline and clear descriptions of emotions, experiences, and challenges over time. On the other hand, fabricated stories may lack coherence, frequently changing details, and incongruities in the way they are presented.
2. Professional Guidance: Genuine accounts often express a willingness to seek professional help and share their experiences during therapy or counseling. If someone continually avoids professional guidance despite claiming severe mental health struggles, it may raise doubts about the authenticity of their narrative.
3. Responsible Expression: Individuals with true mental health concerns tend to express themselves responsibly. They may discuss their struggles openly but within the bounds of ethical discourse, refraining from exploiting their experiences for attention or sympathy.
4. Emotional Depth and Complexity: Authentic mental health narratives usually exhibit emotional depth and complexity. They provide insight into the multifaceted nature of the individual’s emotions, allowing readers or listeners to better understand the profound impact of their mental health challenges.
5. Realistic vs. Overly Dramatic: A fabricated narrative may seem overly dramatic and sensationalized, possibly with the intent of garnering attention or sympathy. In contrast, genuine accounts often focus on the real and relatable aspects of their experiences.
6. Empathy and Truthfulness: When dealing with those struggling with genuine mental health issues, it’s crucial to balance empathy and truthfulness. Authentic accounts often reveal a mix of vulnerability and strength, reflecting the true human experience. A liar might display a lack of empathy for others’ challenges or use their narrative to manipulate situations.
7. Privacy and Support: Private, supportive spaces for mental health discussions tend to attract individuals with authentic concerns. Those genuinely seeking help and understanding often gravitate towards such spaces rather than public platforms, where their accounts may be sensationalized.
By paying attention to these traits, we can better navigate the complex landscape of mental health discussions. The goal is not to discredit anyone’s experiences but to ensure that genuine mental health issues are recognized, understood, and appropriately supported. In this way, we foster an environment where authenticity is valued, enabling those who need help to receive it, and reducing the negative impact of deceptive narratives on the mental health discourse.
In conclusion, the intertwining of Gen Z and mental health paints a multifaceted picture. This generation has been at the forefront of dismantling the stigma surrounding mental health, opening up essential dialogues about these issues. Yet, with the rise of social media and the era of online attention, new challenges have emerged. Some individuals employ mental health as a guise for attention-seeking or to avoid their responsibilities.
Differentiating between authentic mental health concerns and fleeting trends isn’t always straightforward, but it’s a conversation we must have. True sufferers, those genuinely battling with mental health, may find it disheartening to see others misrepresenting their struggles. This can inadvertently make it more challenging for them to get the acknowledgment and support they truly need.
To bridge this divide, we need to boost mental health awareness, not only among Gen Z but across generations. This means fostering open conversations about the intricacies of mental health and the unique challenges brought about by the digital age. It also entails educating individuals on how to discern between authentic mental health concerns and situations where mental health might be invoked for different reasons.
As we move forward, it’s essential to approach mental health discussions with empathy, critical thinking, and a deep understanding of the complex nature of this topic. By doing so, we can create a more supportive environment for those struggling with genuine mental health challenges and ensure that the progress made by Gen Z in breaking down stigmas continues in a constructive and meaningful manner.