Parenting is the procedure of child-rearing through the process of stimulating and support of the emotional, social, physical, and development of a child from infancy to adulthood.
It is also the informal aspect of education and as a result, has a massive influence in every child’s formal education.
It is, however, inevitable that parenting style has a huge influence on the development of every child, both in behaviour and education attitudes.
Most parents set objectives for the growth of their child (ren) from birth, but several factors impede their intentioned plans for the children. It is pertinent to note that these factors are hinged on natures of jobs or professions of parents, particularly in Africa.
The state of the economy in most African countries also takes its toll on parenting in the continent. It has majorly contributed to the recent unprecedented records of out-of-school children in the continent.
But, in spite of all these external factors, studies have proved parents have significant roles in early childhood learning which is the core beam of the foundation of every child’s development. The children education begins from home, and this largely rests in duties of father, mother and guardians.
Customarily, when the subject about child development and learning comes up, all reactions, consciously or unconsciously, are about schooling and other institutions outside the natural home. Many people relatively believe that child development can only be fixed through schooling and hence, the roles of parents, in most cases, regrettably ebbed out as a result of this ambiguous assertion.
Indeed, a school is a designed education institution primarily established to provide a learning environment and learning places for the teaching of the student with direction and supervision of teachers. However, the most critical and formative years of a child are spent in a family environment. Children spend less time in school but more time with their parents or guardians.
Parents are the primary influencers of their children’s direct or indirect social skills through meticulous management of their activities. The parenting style, otherwise known as responsive parenting is indispensable for a child’s development of the cerebral and social skills needed for future success in school. Conscientious responsiveness of supportive parenting no doubt plays a significant role in providing a solid foundation for the child’s optimal development.
Studies further show that children’s acquisition of language, social interaction and emotional skills, solving of problems is evidently facilitated through interactions with their parents and guardians. Parenting style, which is responsiveness, is a vital mechanism required in support of consistent cognitive development of a child
Suffice to say parents are aptly in charge of the child’s natural primary education – skills and social interactions. Consequently, children exposed to a particular environment with their parents’ permission scientifically contribute to the moulding of their future behaviour.